Страдающий каким-либо недостатком. Имя существительное challenge означает вызов: to issue a challenge to someone — бросить кому-либо вызов; to take up a challenge — принять вызов; the work is hard, but I like a challenge — работа трудная, но я от трудностей не бегу; he enjoys the challenge of mountaineering — альпинизм привлекает его риском. Глагол to challenge значит вызывать, бросать вызов: to challenge someone to a race/ a duel — вызвать кого-либо на соревнование/на дуэль. Основной смысл этого слова — трудности, проблемы, которые нужно решить, преодолеть. С 1970-х гг. это слово используется в качестве медицинского определения вместо таких слов с отрицательной коннотацией, как disabled, handicapped и impaired (инвалидный, нетрудоспособный). Появились выражения physically challenged (страдающий физическим недостатком), mentally challenged (умственно отсталый) и даже visually challenged (слепой, подслеповатый) и aurally challenged (глухой). Эта тенденция коснулась и юмора: follicularly challenged (лысый) и temporally challenged (пострадавший от времени, иными словами, старый).

English-Russian dictionary of expressions. 2014.

Смотреть что такое "challenged" в других словарях:

  • challenged — established itself in the 1980s and 1990s as a combining element forming politically correct alternatives to potentially sensitive or offensive descriptions of people, as in cerebrally challenged (= stupid), intellectually challenged (= backward) …   Modern English usage

  • challenged — adj. 1. having doubts expressed about its truth. Syn: disputed, questioned. [WordNet 1.5] 2. handicapped or disabled; used as a euphemism, especially in combinations; as, physically challenged; mentally challenged. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • challenged — ☆ challenged [chal′ənjd] adj. disabled or handicapped in a (specified) way [physically challenged] …   English World dictionary

  • challenged —    differing from the norm in a taboo fashion    Not faced with a duel, but of those thought to be facing life at a disadvantage. The use extends to the bald, who are follicularly challenged; to the deaf, who are aurally challenged; to the blind …   How not to say what you mean: A dictionary of euphemisms

  • challenged — [[t]tʃæ̱lɪnʤd[/t]] ADJ: adv ADJ If you say that someone is challenged in a particular way, you mean that they have a disability in that area. Challenged is often combined with inappropriate words for humorous effect. ...terms like vertically… …   English dictionary

  • Challenged — Challenge Chal lenge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Challenged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Challenging}.] [OE. chalengen to accuse, claim, OF. chalengier, chalongier, to claim, accuse, dispute, fr. L. calumniar to attack with false accusations. See {Challenge}, n …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • challenged — adjective a) Lacking some physical or mental attribute or skill; used after adverbs to make politically correct adjectives. mentally challenged b) Used following adverbs to make jocular adjectives in imitation of and mocking politically correct… …   Wiktionary

  • challenged — chal|lenged [ tʃælındʒd ] adjective * 1. ) unable to do particular things without difficulty because of being disabled in some way: visually challenged (=unable to see well) 2. ) HUMOROUS used with other words to mean that someone lacks a… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • challenged — UK [ˈtʃælɪndʒd] / US adjective 1) unable to do particular things without difficulty because of being disabled in some way visually challenged (= unable to see well) 2) humorous used with other words to mean that someone lacks a particular quality …   English dictionary

  • challenged — /chal injd/, adj. (used as a euphemism) disabled, handicapped, or deficient (usually prec. by an adverb): physically challenged; ethically challenged. [1980 85, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

  • challenged — adjective 1》 euphemistic suffering from impairment or disability in a specified respect: physically challenged. 2》 humorous lacking or deficient in a specified respect: vertically challenged …   English new terms dictionary


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